# high school Item Specifications

**Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures**

*Extend the properties of exponents to rational exponents. (DOK 1, 2)*

N-RN.A, N-RN.A.1, N-RN.A.2

*Use properties of rational and irrational numbers. (DOK 1, 2, 3)*

N-RN.B, N-RN.B.3

*Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems. (DOK 1, 2)*

N-Q.A, N-Q.A.1

*Interpret the structure of expressions. (DOK 1,2)*

A-SSE.A, A-SSE.A.2

*Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems. (DOK 1,2)*

A-SSE.B, A-SSE.B.3, A-SSE.B.3a, A-SSE.B.3b, A-SSE.B.3c

*Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials. (DOK 2)*

A-APR.A, A-APR.A.1

*Create equations that describe numbers or relationships. (DOK 1,2)*

A-CED.A, A-CED.A.1, A-CED.A.2

*Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning. (DOK 1, 2)*

A-REI.A, A-REI.A.2

*Solve equations and inequalities in one variable. (DOK 1, 2)*

A-REI.B, A-REI.B.3, A-REI.B.4a, A-REI.B.4b

*Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically. (DOK 1, 2)*

A-REI.D, A-REI.D.10, A−REI.D.11, A−REI.D.12; ALDs

*Understand the concept of a function and use function notation. (DOK 1, 2)*

F-IF.A, F-IF.A.1, F-IF.A.

*Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context. (DOK 1, 2)*

F-IF.B.4, F-IF.B.5, F-IF.B, F-IF.B.6

*Analyze functions using different representations. (DOK 1, 2)*

F-IF.C, F-IF.C.7a, F-IF.C.7b, F-IF.C.7c, F-IF.C.7e, F-IF.C.8a, F-IF.C.8b, F-IF.C.9

*Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities. (DOK 2)*

F-BF.A, F-BF.A.1, F-BF.A.1a, F-BF.A.2

*Define trigonometric ratios and solve problems involving right triangles. (DOK 1, 2)*

G-SRT.C, G-SRT.C.6, G-SRT.C.7, G-SRT.C.8

Target P: Statistics and Probability

*Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable. (DOK 1, 2)*

S-ID.A, S-ID.A.1, S-ID.A.2, S-ID.A.3

*Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 1, 2, 3)*

N-Q.A, A-SSE.A, A-SSE.B, A-CED.A, A-REI.2, A-REI.B, A-REI.C, A-REI.D, F-IF.A, F-IF.B, F-IF.C, F-BF.A, G-SRT.C, S-ID.C, S-CP.A

**Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning**

*Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 2, 3, 4) *

N-RN.A, N-RN.B, N-RN.B.3, A-SSE.A.2, A-APR.A.1, A-APR.B, A-APR.C.4, A-APR.D.6, A-REI.A, A-REI.A.1, A-REI.A.2, A-REI.C, A-REI.D.10, A-REI.D.11, F-IF.A.1, F-IF.B.5, F-IF.C.9, F-BF.B.3, F-BF.B.4, F-TF.A.1, F-TF.A.2, F-TF.C.8, G-CO.A, G-CO.B, G-CO.C, G-CO.C.9, G-CO.C.10, G-CO.C.11, G.SRT.A, G.SRT.B

**Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis**

*Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems (DOK 1, 2) *

N-Q.A, A-SSE.B, A-CED.A, A-REI.A, A-REI.B, A-REI.C, F-IF.B, F-IF.C, F-BF.A, S-ID.A, S-ID.B, S-IC.A.1, S-IC.B, F-LE.A, F-LE.B, F-TF.B.5, G-GMD.A.3, G-MG.A