Item Specifications


Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures

Target A: The Number System

Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers. (DOK 1, 2)

8.NS.A, 8.NS.A.1, 8.NS.A.2

Target B: Expressions and Equations

Work with radicals and integer exponents. (DOK 1, 2)

8.EE.A, 8.EE.A.1, 8.EE.A.2, 8.EE.A.3, 8.EE.A.4

Target C: Expressions and Equations

Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations. (DOK 1, 2)

8.EE.B, 8.EE.B.5, 8.EE.B.6

Target D: Expressions and Equations

Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations. (DOK 1, 2)

8.EE.C, 8.EE.C.7, 8.EE.C.8

Target E: Functions

Define, evaluate, and compare functions. (DOK 1, 2)

8.F.A, 8.F.A.1, 8.F.A.2, 8.F.A.3

Target F: Functions

Use functions to model relationships between quantities. (DOK 1, 2)

8.F.B, 8.F.B.4, 8.F.B.5

Target G: Geometry

Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software. (DOK 1, 2)

8.G.A, 8.G.A.1, 8.G.A.2, 8.G.A.3, 8.G.A.4, 8.G.A.5

Target H: Geometry

Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem. (DOK 1, 2)

8.G.B,8.G.B.6, 8.G.B.7, 8.G.B.8

Target I: Geometry

Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres. (DOK 1, 2)

8.G.C, 8.G.9

Target J: Statistics and Probability

Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data. (DOK 1, 2)

8.SP.A, 8.SP.A.1, 8.SP.A.2, 8.SP.A.3, 8.SP.A.4


Grade 6-8 Mathematics Item Specification

Claim 2: Problem Solving

Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 1, 2, 3)

8.EE.B, 8.EE.C, 8.F.A, 8.F.B, 8.G.A, 8.G.B, 8.G.C

Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning

Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 2, 3, 4)

8.EE.A.1, 8.EE.B.5, 8.EE.B.6, 8.EE.C.7a, 8.EE.C.7b, 8.EE.C.8a, 8.F.A.1, 8.F.A.2, 8.F.A.3, 8.G.A.1, 8.G.A.2, 8.G.A.4, 8.G.A.5, 8.G.B.6, 8.G.B.8

Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis

Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems. (DOK 1, 2, 3, 4)

8.EE.A.3, 8.EE.A.4, 8.EE.B, 8.EE.C, 8.F.B, 8.G.B, 8.G.C, 8.SP.A