# Item Specifications

**Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures**

Target A: Ratios and Proportional Relationships

*Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems. (DOK 2)*

7.RP.A, 7.RP.A.1, 7.RP.A.2, 7.RP.A.3

*Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions to add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.NS.A, 7.NS.A.1, 7.NS.A.2, 7.NS.A.3

Target C: Expressions and Equations

*Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.EE.A, 7.EE.A.1, 7.EE.A.2

Target D: Expressions and Equations

*Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.EE.B, 7.EE.B.3, 7.EE.B.4

*Draw, construct, and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.G.A, 7.G.A.1, 7.G.A.2, 7.G.A.3

*Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.G.B, 7.G.B.4, 7.G.B.5, 7.G.B.6

Target G: Statistics and Probability

*Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.SP.A, 7.SP.A.1, 7.SP.A.2

Target H: Statistics and Probability

*Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. (DOK 2)*

7.SP.B, 7.SP.B.3, 7.SP.B.4

Target I: Statistics and Probability

*Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models. (DOK 1, 2)*

7.SP.C, 7.SP.C.5, 7.SP.C.6, 7.SP.C.7, 7.SP.C.8

**Grade 6-8 Mathematics Item Specification**

*Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 1, 2, 3) *

7.RP.A, 7.NS.A, 7.EE.A, 7.EE.B, 7.G.A, 7.G.B

**Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning**

*Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 2, 3, 4) *

7.RP.A.2, 7.NS.A, 7.NS.A.1, 7.NS.A.2, 7.EE.A.1, 7.EE.A.2

**Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis**

*Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems.(DOK 1, 2, 3, 4) *

7.RP.A, 7.NS.A, 7.EE.B, 7.G.A, 7.G.B, 7.SP.A, 7.SP.B, 7.SP.C