Item Specifications

Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures

Target A: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Write and interpret numerical expressions. (DOK 1, 2)

5.OA.A, 5.OA.A.1, 5.OA.A.2

Target B: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Analyze patterns and relationships. (DOK 2)

5.OA.B, 5.OA.B.3

Target C: Number and Operations in Base Ten

Understand the place value system. (DOK 1, 2)

5.NBT.A, 5.NBT.A.1, 5.NBT.A.2, 5.NBT.A.3, 5.NBT.A.3a, 5.NBT.A.3b, 5.NBT.A.4

Target D: Number and Operations in Base Ten

Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths. (DOK 1, 2)

5.NBT.B, 5.NBT.B.5, 5.NBT.B.6, 5.NBT.B.7

Target E: Number and Operations—Fractions

Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions. (DOK 1,2)

5.NF.A.1, 5.NF.A.2

Target F: Number and Operations—Fractions

Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions. (DOK 1, 2)

5.NF.B, 5.NF.B.3, 5.NF.B.4, 5.NF.B.4a, 5.NF.B.4b, 5.NF.B.5, 5.NF.B.5a, 5.NF.B.5b, 5.NF.B.6, 5.NF.B.7, 5.NF.B.7a, 5.NF.B.7b, 5.NF.B.7c

Target G: Measurement and Data

Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system. (DOK 1)

5.MD.A, 5.MD.A.1

Target H: Measurement and Data

Represent and interpret data. (DOK 2)

5.MD.B, 5.MD.B.2

Target I: Measurement and Data

Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition. (DOK 1, 2)

5.MD.C, 5.MD.C.3, 5.MD.C.3a, 5.MD.C.3b, 5.MD.C.4, 5.MD.C.5, 5.MD.C.5a, 5.MD.C.5b, 5.MD.C.5c

Target J: Geometry

Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems. (DOK 1)

5.G.A, 5.G.A.1, 5.G.A.2

Target K: Geometry

Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties. (DOK 2)

5.G.B, 5.G.B.3, 5.G.B.4

Grade 3-5 Mathematics Item Specification

Claim 2: Problem Solving

Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 2) 5.NBT.B, 5.NF.A, 5.NF.B, 5.MD.A, 5.MD.C, 5.G.A

Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning

Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 1, 2, 3) 5.NBT.A.2, 5.NBT.B.6, 5.NBT.B.7, 5.NF.A.1, 5.NF.A.2, 5.NF.B, 5.NF.B.3, 5.NF.B.4, 5.NF.B.7a, 5.NF.B.7b, 5.MD.C, 5.MD.C.5a, 5.MD.C.5b, 5.G.B, 5.G.B.4

Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis

Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems. (DOK 1, 2)

5.NBT.B, 5.NF.A, 5.NF.B, 5.MD.A, 5.MD.B, 5.MD.C, 5.G.A