# Item Specifications

**Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures**

Target A: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Write and interpret numerical expressions. (DOK 1, 2)*

*5.OA.A, 5.OA.A.1, 5.OA.A.2*

Target B: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Analyze patterns and relationships. (DOK 2)*

*5.OA.B, 5.OA.B.3*

Target C: Number and Operations in Base Ten

*Understand the place value system. (DOK 1, 2)*

*5.NBT.A, 5.NBT.A.1, 5.NBT.A.2, 5.NBT.A.3, 5.NBT.A.3a, 5.NBT.A.3b, 5.NBT.A.4*

Target D: Number and Operations in Base Ten

*Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths. (DOK 1, 2)*

*5.NBT.B, 5.NBT.B.5, 5.NBT.B.6, 5.NBT.B.7*

Target E: Number and Operationsâ€”Fractions

*Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions. (DOK 1,2)*

*5.NF.A.1, 5.NF.A.2*

Target F: Number and Operationsâ€”Fractions

*Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions. (DOK 1, 2)*

*5.NF.B, 5.NF.B.3, 5.NF.B.4, 5.NF.B.4a, 5.NF.B.4b, 5.NF.B.5, 5.NF.B.5a, 5.NF.B.5b, 5.NF.B.6, 5.NF.B.7, 5.NF.B.7a, 5.NF.B.7b, 5.NF.B.7c*

Target G: Measurement and Data

*Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system. (DOK 1)*

*5.MD.A, 5.MD.A.1 *

Target H: Measurement and Data

*Represent and interpret data. (DOK 2)*

*5.MD.B, 5.MD.B.2*

Target I: Measurement and Data

*Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition. (DOK 1, 2)*

*5.MD.C, 5.MD.C.3, 5.MD.C.3a, 5.MD.C.3b, 5.MD.C.4, 5.MD.C.5, 5.MD.C.5a, 5.MD.C.5b, 5.MD.C.5c*

*Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems. (DOK 1)*

*5.G.A, 5.G.A.1, 5.G.A.2*

*Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties. (DOK 2)*

*5.G.B, 5.G.B.3, 5.G.B.4*

**Grade 3-5 Mathematics Item Specification**

*Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 2) *5.NBT.B, 5.NF.A, 5.NF.B, 5.MD.A, 5.MD.C, 5.G.A

**Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning**__ __

*Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 1, 2, 3) *5.NBT.A.2, 5.NBT.B.6, 5.NBT.B.7, 5.NF.A.1, 5.NF.A.2, 5.NF.B, 5.NF.B.3, 5.NF.B.4, 5.NF.B.7a, 5.NF.B.7b, 5.MD.C, 5.MD.C.5a, 5.MD.C.5b, 5.G.B, 5.G.B.4

**Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis**__ __

*Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems.* *(DOK 1, 2)*

5.NBT.B, 5.NF.A, 5.NF.B, 5.MD.A, 5.MD.B, 5.MD.C, 5.G.A