# Item Specifications

Target A: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems. (DOK 1, 2)

4.OA.A, 4.OA.A.1,4.OA.A.2, 4.OA.A.3

Target B: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Gain familiarity with factors and multiples. (DOK 1, 2)

4.OA.B, 4.OA.B.4

Target C: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Generate and analyze patterns. (DOK 2, 3)

4.OA.C, 4.OA.C.5

Target D: Numbers and Operations in Base Ten

Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers. (DOK 1, 2)

4.NBT.A, 4.NBT.A.1, 4.NBT.A.2, 4.NBT.A.3

Target E: Numbers and Operations in Base Ten

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. (DOK 1, 2)

4.NBT.B, 4.NBT.B.4,4.NBT.B.5, 4.NBT.B.6

Target F: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering. (DOK 1, 2)

4.NF.A, 4.NF.A.1, 4.NF.A.2

Target G: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers. (DOK 1, 2)

4.NF.B, 4.NF.B.3, 4.NF.B.4

Target H: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions. (DOK 1, 2)

4.NF.C, 4.NF.C.5, 4.NF.C.6, 4.NF.C.7

Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit. (DOK 1, 2)

4.MD.A, 4.MD.A.1, 4.MD.A.2, 4.MD.A.3

Target J: Measurement and Data

Represent and interpret data. (DOK 1, 2)

4.MD.B, 4.MD.B.4

Target K: Measurement and Data

Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles. (DOK 1, 2)

4.MD.C, 4.MD.C.5, 4.MD.C.5a, 4.MD.C.5b, 4.MD.C.6, 4.MD.C.7

Target L: Geometry

Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles. (DOK 1, 2)

4.G.A, 4.G.A.1, 4.G.A.2, 4.G.A.3

Grade 3-5 Mathematics Item Specification

Claim 2: Problem Solving

Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 1, 2)

4.OA.A, 4.NBT.B, 4.NF.A, 4.NF.B, 4.NF.C, 4.MD.A, 4.MD.C

Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning

Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 1, 2, 3)

4.OA.A.3. 4.NBT.A. 4.NBT.B.5. 4.NBT.B.6. 4.NF.A. 4.NF.A.1. 4.NF.A.2. 4.NF.B.3a. 4.NF.B.3b. 4.NF.B.3c. 4.NF.B.4a. 4.NF.B.4b. 4.NF.C. 4.NF.C.7

Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis

Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems. (DOK 1, 2)

4.OA.A, 4.NF.B, 4.MD.A, 4.MD.B, 4.MD.C