# Item Specifications

**Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures**** **

Target A: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.OA.A, 4.OA.A.1,4.OA.A.2, 4.OA.A.3*

Target B: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Gain familiarity with factors and multiples. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.OA.B, 4.OA.B.4*

Target C: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Generate and analyze patterns. (DOK 2, 3)*

*4.OA.C, 4.OA.C.5*

Target D: Numbers and Operations in Base Ten

*Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.NBT.A, 4.NBT.A.1, 4.NBT.A.2, 4.NBT.A.3*

Target E: Numbers and Operations in Base Ten

*Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.NBT.B, 4.NBT.B.4,4.NBT.B.5, 4.NBT.B.6*

Target F: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

*Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.NF.A, 4.NF.A.1, 4.NF.A.2*

Target G: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

*Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.NF.B, 4.NF.B.3, 4.NF.B.4 *

Target H: Numbers and Operations—Fractions

*Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.NF.C, 4.NF.C.5, 4.NF.C.6, 4.NF.C.7*

Target I: Measurement and Data

*Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit. (DOK 1, 2) *

*4.MD.A, 4.MD.A.1, 4.MD.A.2, 4.MD.A.3*

Target J: Measurement and Data

*Represent and interpret data. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.MD.B, 4.MD.B.4*

Target K: Measurement and Data

*Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.MD.C, 4.MD.C.5, 4.MD.C.5a, 4.MD.C.5b, 4.MD.C.6, 4.MD.C.7*

*Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.G.A, 4.G.A.1, 4.G.A.2, 4.G.A.3*

**Grade 3-5 Mathematics Item Specification**

*Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies. (DOK 1, 2)*

*4.OA.A, 4.NBT.B, 4.NF.A, 4.NF.B, 4.NF.C, 4.MD.A, 4.MD.C*

**Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning**

*Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 1, 2, 3)*

*4.OA.A.3. 4.NBT.A. 4.NBT.B.5. 4.NBT.B.6. 4.NF.A. 4.NF.A.1. 4.NF.A.2. 4.NF.B.3a. 4.NF.B.3b. 4.NF.B.3c. 4.NF.B.4a. 4.NF.B.4b. 4.NF.C. 4.NF.C.7*

**Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis**

*Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems.* *(DOK 1, 2)*

*4.OA.A, 4.NF.B, 4.MD.A, 4.MD.B, 4.MD.C*