# Item Specifications

**Claim 1: Concepts and Procedures**

Target A: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division. (DOK 1)*

3.OA.A, 3.OA.A.1, 3.OA.A.2, 3.OA.A.3, 3.OA.A.4

Target B: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division. (DOK 1)*

3.OA.B, 3.OA.B.5, 3.OA.B.6

Target C: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Multiply and divide within 100. (DOK 1)*

3.OA.C, 3.OA.C.7

Target D: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

*Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic. (DOK 2)*

3.OA.D, 3.OA.D.8, 3.OA.D.9

Target E: Number & Operations in Base Ten

*Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. (DOK 1)*

3.NBT.A, 3.NBT.A.1, 3.NBT.A.2, 3.NBT.A.3

Target F: Numbers and Operations - Fractions

*Develop understanding of fractions as numbers. (DOK 1, 2)*

3.NF.A, 3.NF.A.1, 3.NF.A.2, 3.NF.A.3

Target G: Measurement and Data

*Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects. (DOK 1, 2)*

3.MD.A, 3.MD.A.1, 3.MD.A.2

Target H: Measurement and Data

*Represent and interpret data. (DOK 2)*

3.MD.B, 3.MD.B.3, 3.MD.B.4

Target I: Measurement and Data

*Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition. (DOK 2)*

3.MD.C, 3.MD.C.5, 3.MD.C.6, 3.MD.C.7, 3.OA.B, 3.OA.B.5, 3.G.A, 3.G.A.2

Target J: Measurement and Data

*Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures. (DOK 1)*

3.MD.D, 3.MD.D.8

*Reason with shapes and their attributes. (DOK 1, 2)*

3.G.A, 3.G.A.1, 3.G.A.2

**Grade 3-5 Mathematics Item Specification**

*Students can solve a range of well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem-solving strategies (DOK 1, 2,3) *3.OA.A, 3.OA.D, 3.NBT.A, 3.MD.A, 3.MD.B, 3.MD.C, 3.MD.D

**Claim 3: Communicating Reasoning**

*Students clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. (DOK 1, 2, 3) *3.OA.B, 3.NF.A, 3.NF.A.1, 3.NF.A.2, 3.NF.A.3, 3.MD.A, 3.MD.C.7

**Claim 4: Modeling and Data Analysis**

*Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems. (DOK 1, 2, 3, 4)*

3.OA.A, 3.OA.D, 3.MD.A, 3.MD.C, 3.MD.D